Do you agree with Locke? Explain your answer with evidences. Thomas Reid claims that identity can only be attributed to things that have continued existence.
Nonetheless, it is long, frequently repetitive, occasionally digressive, and, in a few places, downright confusing. To help you find the most important parts and avoid the John locke personal idenity essay, I summarized the central point of each section.
I also colored the very most essential sections red: You should feel confident that you understand those; the rest are less important. Conclusions drawn from the principle: God, finite intelligences spiritsbodies.
In both cases, the matter changes but animal or plant remains the same. Locke appears to argue for this with examples. There are three things: The question is whether the identity of one of them consists in the identity of the other. Or, does being the same person over time consist in being the same substance over time?
The parrot has the qualities sometimes thought to be characteristic of human beings: Claim that consciousness is inseparable from thinking.
The identity of the person across time depends on extending consciousness backwards in time, i. The one can remain the same while the other changes. We think that anything that conveys sensory experiences is part of our selves.
The fact that I am conscious or aware of feeling things through the fingers at the end of my hand is why I think of those fingers as belonging to me.
Conversely, the fact that I am not aware of feelings through the fingers at the end of your hand is why I do not think of those fingers as belonging to me.
Is having the same substance a sufficient condition of being the same person over time? Locke says it is not a necessary condition. An animal life can remain the same despite changes in the material substance that makes up its body.
Locke proposes a parallel with personal identity and immaterial substance. Locke says that he is not sure if it is possible for the person to remain the same while the thinking substance changes.
He would need to know more about what a thinking substance is. This is confusing because transferring consciousness would only have that effect if persons were identical with substances, which is something that Locke denies throughout the chapter.
One man living human body can have two different persons. And one person can occupy two different men. So being the same man is neither a sufficient condition of being the same person nor a necessary condition of being the same person. If consciousness went with the little finger, the person would go with the little finger and not the rest of my body.
See background on Aquinas and Hobbes. Self-concern is directed towards the parts of your body that you can feel: Think of it in reverse: And the little finger could not be justly blamed or punished for things that the rest of the body did.
Does that mean I did not exist last year. Locke maintains that his system is less paradoxical than the alternatives. God will get it right. This is similar to waking and sleeping Socrates. Similarly, I am not concerned about any immaterial substance that I am not aware of. In the afterlife, we will be rewarded or punished for what we are conscious of having done, regardless of what material bodies or immaterial substances we inhabit in the afterlife.
I find this obscure.Essay John Locke 's Personal Identity Locke’s Essays on Human Understanding continue to be taught, discussed and debated today. In particular, Locke’s personal identity theory is considered to still be extremely relevant in modern times. John Locke offered a very rich and influential account of persons and personal identity in “Of Identity and Diversity,” which is chapter 27 of Book 2 of his An Essay concerning Human Understanding.
He added it to the second edition in upon the recommendation of his friend William Molyneux.
A summary of Book II, chapters xxix-xxxii: Other Ways to Classify Ideas in John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Essay Concerning Human Understanding and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Reid’s main criticism of Locke’s theory of personal identity is that Locke moves from these truisms concerning the conceptual and evidential relations among the notions of memory and personal identity to a hypothesis concerning the metaphysical relations among them (Essays, ).
John Locke laid down the systematic groundwork of personal identity in the study of modern philosophy. Locke highlights his approach to the problem of personal identity in Chapter XXVII of the book II in An Essay concerning Human Understanding. In this selection from Locke’s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, we are presented with his criterion persons and identity.
Locke and Personal Identity. Published by Evans Connor at November 9, Required Reading: John Locke, “Of Identity and Diversity” Recommended Reading: “John Locke on Personal Identity,” http.