Discussion of the aim of education is a function of the philosophy of education or 'educational theory'. The different understandings of education cultivate different avenues of human possibility. The root of the word 'education' is derived from the Latin 'e-ducare' literally meaning to 'lead forth' or bring out something which is potentially present. Education in the true sense is an activity, an endeavor, an enterprise which is related to the notion of bringing up, rearing, leading forth.
By Michael Nielsen One day in the mids, a Moscow newspaper reporter named Solomon Shereshevsky entered the laboratory of the psychologist Alexander Luria. He began with simple tests, short strings of words and of numbers. Shereshevsky remembered these with Problem posing education essay, and so Luria gradually increased the length of the strings.
But no matter how long they got, Shereshevsky could recite them back. Experiments indicated that he had no difficulty reproducing any lengthy series of words whatever, even though these had originally been presented to him a week, a month, a year, or even many years earlier.
In fact, some of these experiments designed to test his retention were performed without his being given any warning fifteen or sixteen years after the session in which he had originally recalled the words. Yet invariably they were successful. Such stories are fascinating.
Memory is fundamental to our thinking, and the notion of having a perfect memory is seductive. At the same time, many people feel ambivalent about their own memory. This question turns out to be highly generative of good ideas, and pursuing it has led to many of the most important vision documents in the history of computing.
A memex is a device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility.
It is an enlarged intimate supplement to his memory. In his proposal for the web, Berners-Lee describes the need for his employer the particle physics organization CERN to develop a collective institutional memory, a pool of information to develop which could grow and evolve with the organization and the projects it describes.
These are just a few of the many attempts to use computers to augment human memory. From the memex to the web to wikis to org-mode to Project Xanadu to attempts to make a map of every thought a person thinks: In this essay we investigate personal memory systems, that is, systems designed to improve the long-term memory of a single person.
In the first part of the essay I describe my personal experience using such a system, named Anki. That is, Anki makes memory a choice, rather than a haphazard event, to be left to chance.
The second part of the essay discusses personal memory systems in general. Many people treat memory ambivalently or even disparagingly as a cognitive skill: The essay is unusual in style.
Nor is it a computer systems design paper, though prototyping systems is my own main interest. Rather, the essay is a distillation of informal, ad hoc observations and rules of thumb about how personal memory systems work.
I wanted to understand those as preparation for building systems of my own. As I collected these observations it seemed they may be of interest to others. You can reasonably think of the essay as a how-to guide aimed at helping develop virtuoso skills with personal memory systems.
I will only briefly discuss visualization techniques such as memory palaces and the method of loci. Those all need a separate treatment. But, as we shall see, there are already powerful ideas about personal memory systems based solely on the structuring and presentation of information.
How to remember almost anything: Other similar systems include Mnemosyne and SuperMemo. My limited use suggests Mnemosyne is very similar to Anki.
The material is, as mentioned above, quite personal, a collection of my own observations and informal rules of thumb. Those rules of thumb may not apply to others; indeed, I may be mistaken about how well they apply to me.Quotes.
What information consumes is rather obvious: it consumes the attention of its recipients. Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention, and a need to allocate that attention efficiently among the overabundance of information sources that might consume it.
iridis-photo-restoration.com (GSO) is a free, public website providing information and resources necessary to help meet the educational needs of students. Homepage: iridis-photo-restoration.com HOLISTIC EDUCATION: A NEW PARADIGM FOR TEACHING.
Aim of Education: Personality Integration, Creative Intelligence and Enlightenment or 'Happiness'. This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the . White poet Michael Derrick Hudson's use of the Chinese pen name Yi-Fen Chou was an act of yellowface that is part of a long tradition of white voices drowning out those of color in the literary world.
Paulo Freire, dialogue, praxis and education. Perhaps the most influential thinker about education in the late twentieth century, Paulo Freire has been particularly popular with informal educators with his emphasis on dialogue and his concern for the oppressed.