What is a rich environment? For some children it becomes like a second home where they eat and sometimes sleep. A suitable environment for a young baby will be very different from a suitable environment for a four or five year ol d although some features will be the same. Environments should be attractive and make children feel safe and secure and happy to be there and they should also be places where children can confidently play and learn.
The inaccessibility and difficulties presented by many outdoor environments is a major problem affecting older people at present.
This is further aggravated by a lack of awareness about design features that could support independent activities and make a difference to the quality of their daily lives.
Concerns about safety were also significant: Bad or poorly maintained pavements. A typical response was: You can be very unstable. They march up the road and ride the bicycles up and down the pavement.
This is related to the difficulty in walking a long distance because of health conditions associated with ageing, such as short breath and lack of stamina.
Traffic and car parking. This is mainly related to heavy traffic in conjunction with poor provision of pavements or location of traffic lights, which make walking and crossing the road difficult and unpleasant. Cars parked on pavements also make it difficult for everyone, and especially older people with mobility impairment, to walk.
Central to prolonging the independence of older people is enabling them to live in their own homes for as long as possible. Current research demonstrates that, as people age, remaining in a familiar home and neighbourhood tends to become more important. There is also a shortage of alternative accommodation; over the past few years, the number of residential care homes for older people closing down has greatly exceeded the number established Laing and Buisson, If older people are to remain at home, they need to be able to continue to use the wider environment, including their local neighbourhood, and to go outdoors, otherwise they will be effectively trapped inside.
The outdoor environment is important not only in terms of independence, but also in terms of affecting everyday experience for older people. Getting outdoors offers physical, sociological and psychological benefits for older people. Physical inactivity is a major underlying cause of disease and disability WHO, Despite abundant scientific evidence of the multiple health benefits of physical activity, and national and local level strategies to promote an active lifestyle, the majority of older people are not sufficiently active to maintain good health.
In the UK, more than 80 percent of people aged between 65 and 74 years old do not meet the recommended level of physical activity Joint Health Survey Unit, ; Scottish Executive, Since physical inactivity is a very common, yet preventable, risk factor, supporting people in having an active lifestyle is one of the most important health initiatives, and getting outdoors has been shown to be one of the best ways to keep active.
Supportive outdoors spaces, i. The social benefits of getting outdoors include practical considerations such as being able to get to the shops or the post office, as well as being able to visit friends and have informal contact with neighbours.
Activities in open spaces are associated with greater social integration and stronger social networks among neighbours Kuo, Sullivan, Coley and Brunson, and reduced fear of crime Kweon, Sullivan, and Wiley, Past Studies The literature in environment-behaviour studies suggests that outdoor environments have various benefits for older people: The benefits of activities in outdoor spaces can be structured in three modes of engagement: The following lists the environmental and personal characteristics which an OPENspace survey of over older people has shown influence time spent outdoors, either in walking to go to places, recreation, gardening or performing other activities.
The pavement of the footways should be well-maintained and the paths should be easy to walk on, enjoyable and without barriers. Like most other people, our respondents would rather use open spaces that are within minutes from their residences.
However, they are willing to take a little longer to get to open spaces if good paths are provided. Pleasantness of neighbourhood open spaces. In addition to well-maintained spaces, pleasantness that makes a difference to older people in this context refers to the amount of trees and plants, and suitable spaces for children to play and people to socialize.
The presence of seats, toilets and shelters are important for older people to feel comfortable and able to cope with variable personal and environmental conditions.
Previous research has shown that waterscapes make the environment attractive and are one of the most preferred environmental features.
Our findings show that the presence of a fountain or an accessible body of water, such as a river, lakeside or beach can contribute to older people spending a longer time outdoors. Lack of nuisance, especially concerning unattended dogs, dog fouling and youngsters hanging around, can encourage older people to walk for recreational purposes.
Our OPENspace survey findings showed that positive appraisal of the environment was likely to increase use of outdoors. For instance, participants who perceived their environments as supportive were more likely to be higher-level walkers, and those who walked more were healthier reported fewer unhealthy days.
It is clear that this is a complex relationship; the main point is that how people appraise their environments will affect how they use them. The key elements presented in the section above i.
Our findings showed that participants with better functional capability appraised their environments as more supportive, were more satisfied with life, and spent more time walking outdoors. In relation to the pursuit of activities, the findings showed that participants with a wider range of activities were more satisfied with life.Creating an enabling environment: Outdoors Introduction Outdoor provision must support inclusion and meet the needs of individuals, offering a diverse range of play- When planning any changes to your outdoor area, think about how you could incorporate a range of.
Children learn social skills by interacting with other children or even with natural materials found in the iridis-photo-restoration.coml outdoor environment help children to question, to cooperate and solve problems. Use this handy set of EYFS Planning Templates to record your planning and continuous provision enhancement ideas.
The pack contains Prime and Specific Areas of Learning planning templates, perfect for use by early years practitioners to keep track of their planning .
Enhance your explicit outdoor provision with indoor provision (eg mark making, reading, numeracy) for added engagement and basic skill development. Take the time to work with your team to really ensure that everyone has an understanding of skill development in children and how effective use of the indoor outdoor environment can have a .
An outdoor environment should be a place to run, play, and learn.
This lesson will focus on designing safe outdoor spaces to promote learning, engagement, and active play. Objectives: List benefits of outdoor play for school-age children.
Planning Outdoor . Nov 26, · The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposes to approve and incorporate by reference (IBR) into the Oregon State Implementation Plan (SIP) the Lane Regional Air Protection Agency's (LRAPA) revised outdoor burning rule submitted by the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (ODEQ) on July 19,