In it, Ray writes that he's presenting the details of a memoir entitled The Confession of a White Widowed Male written by a literary scholar of mixed European ethnicity who died recently in an American jail of heart disease while awaiting his murder trial. The memoir's author uses the pseudonym Humbert Humbert to refer to himself in the manuscript. Humbert begins the memoir with his Parisian childhood and ends it with his incarceration.
Plot[ edit ] The book consists of a memoir of the author's experiences about returning to Iran during the revolution — and living under the Islamic Republic of Iran government until her departure in It narrates her teaching at the University of Tehran afterher refusal to submit to the rule to wear the veil and her subsequent expulsion from the University, life during the Iran—Iraq Warher return to teaching at the University of Allameh Tabatabeiher resignationthe formation of her book club —97and her decision to emigrate.
Events are interlaced with the stories of book club members consisting of seven of her female students who met weekly at Nafisi's house to discuss works of Western literature including the controversial Lolitaand the texts are interpreted through the books they read.
Structure[ edit ] The book is divided into four sections: The main themes are oppression, jailers as revolutionary guards try to assert their authority through certain events such as a vacation gone awry and a runaway convict.
The reader learns how some Iranians' dreams, including the author's, became shattered through the government's imposition of new rules. Nyazi puts the novel on trial, claiming that it condones adultery. Chronologically this is the first part of Nafisi's story. The Great Gatsby and Mike Gold 's works are discussed in this part.
The reader meets Nassrin.
Nafisi states that the Gatsby chapter is about the American dreamthe Iranian dream of revolution and the way it was shattered for her; the James chapter is about uncertainty and the way totalitarian mindsets hate uncertainty; and Austen is about the choice of women, a woman at the center of the novel saying no to the authority of her parents, society, and welcoming a life of dire poverty in order to make her own choice.
The veil becomes mandatory and she states that the government wants to control the liberal-minded professors. Nafisi meets the man she calls her "magician", seemingly a literary academician who had retired from public life at the time of the revolution.
Daisy Miller and Washington Square are the main texts. Nassrin reappears after spending several years in prison. The only real flashback not counting historical background is into how the girls and Nafisi toyed with the idea of creating a Dear Jane society.
While Azin deals with an abusive husband and Nassrin plans to leave for England, Nafisi's magician reminds her not to blame all of her problems on the Islamic Republic.
Pride and Prejudicewhile the main focus, is used more to reinforce themes about blindness and empathy. Throughout the whole novel Nafisi tackles the question of what is a hero and a villain in literature.
Each independent section of the book examines notions of heroism and villainy by connecting characters from books such as Invitation to a Beheading or The Great Gatsby to others.
The basis of her definition of heroism and villainy is the connection between characters who are "blind to other's problems"  such as Humbert Humbert in Lolita and characters who can empathize.
This theme is intertwined with that of oppression and blindness. Title[ edit ] The title refers to Vladimir Nabokov 's novel, Lolitaa story about a middle aged man who has a sexual relationship with a year-old pubescent girl.
The book Lolita is used by the author as a metaphor for life in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Although the book states that the metaphor is not allegorical p.
The author implies that, like the principal character in Lolita, the regime in Iran imposes their "dream upon our reality, turning us into his figments of imagination.
InNafisi claims she was dismissed from the University of Tehran for refusing to wear a veil; she subsequently pursued an independent writing career, bore two children, and, after a long hiatus from teaching, took a full-time job at Allameh Tabatabaii University where she resumed the teaching of fiction.
In one instance, for example, Nafisi's students ridicule Iranian soldiers who served and died during Iran—Iraq War. They joked that his death was a marriage made in heaven — didn't he and his comrades say that their only beloved was God?
Did I not wear the veil, she asked, when ever I went out?
Did I not wear it in the grocery store and walking down the street? It seemed I constantly had to remind people that the university was not a grocery store. I had gotten to the habit of withdrawing my hands into the sleeves and pretending that I had no hands.
Although Nafisi criticizes the Iranian government, she also calls for self-criticism. In her speech at the National Book Festival, she declared that "[i]t is wrong to put all the blame on the Islamic regime or It is important to probe and see what Most of critics comment Nafisi's defiance of the norms of the oppressive government.
On the other hand, others put emphasis on position and hardships of women in contemporary Iran. Some negative reviews, among others, appeared in the neoconservative Commentary. For example, Margaret Atwood in her review in Amnesty magazine calls the reading "enthralling," while Heather Hewett of the Christian Science Monitor notes the book's "passionate defense of literature" that will "resonate with anyone who loves books, or who wants or needs to be reminded why books matter.
According to them, the influence of this book is two-fold. Firstly, it serves as a source of comfort for readers in hardships. Secondly, the book depicts the ways that literature speaks to readers according to the particularities of their circumstances and locations. A significant number of unforgiving pieces of criticism of the book brought to attention a potential predisposition to adopt neoconservative sentiments for the large group of American readers.
It is suggested that, in a way, this book offers justifications for the involvement of the United States and Bush's foreign policy goals.Reading Lolita In Tehran Memoir In Books English Literature Essay. Home / Free Essays / GET EVEN A BETTER ESSAY WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON Reading Lolita In Tehran Memoir In TOPICS SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU.
Reading Lolita in Tehran is a memoir about the author, Azar Nafisi, and her journey through the Islamic Revolution in Iran, the Iran/Iraq war and her decision to leave her home permanently. She did her studies at a university here in the United States and when she returned back to her native Iran, she was greeted with a change, a revolution.
Although Reading Lolita in Tehran: A Memoir in Books was published in , it depicted the life during the Islamic Revolution () when a battle was taking place against Iran and Iraq.
According to the novel Reconstructed Live, “The Islamic Revolution transformed all areas of Iranian life. On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft is an autobiography and writing guide by Stephen King, published during It is a book about the prolific author's experiences as a writer.
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