Law Class Reported law cases, legal notes and articles from legal luminaries, Judges
Related Abstract The doctrine of separate legal entity is a doctrine which has gained increasing importance in the analysis of company law. The importance of this doctrine and its relevance in the analysis of laws relating to companies is evident in the case of Salomon v A Salomon and Co Ltd  AC22, the leading case which gave effect to the separate entity principle Macintyre This case has formed the basis of company law and corporate theory.
Statutory and judicial exceptions to Salomon shall also be explored on. Introduction Corporate theory has certain principles which practitioners and academics have struggled to define.
Some of these principles seem somehow unsuitable for strict and permanent delineations given that their construction often change with time Karasz The case of Salomon V.
Ltd which has formed the basis of company law globally is one such example. Not only is this case often quoted in textbooks and journal articles, but also, its principles have found their way to English courtrooms and law firms Karasz, In this paper we explore on the following statement made by Lord Halsbury L.
We will also try to find the basis under which courts may decide to disregard the separate personality of a company. In the end, however, the business failed and Broderip sued to enforce his security.
Thus the company was entitled to indemnity from the principal who in this case was Mr. The ruling made by the Court of Appeal further confirmed the earlier decision made by Vaughan William.
According to the Court of Appeal, the incorporation of the company was improper as the Act only contemplated the incorporation of independent bona fide shareholders with the will and minds of their own and not mere puppets Macintyre This decision was, however, unanimously overturned by the House of Lords and the arguments of fraud and agency rejected Macintyre They held that the Act had to be the sole guide for determining whether a company had been validly constituted.
According to the Companies Actjust a share was enough for one to be named as a member.
It was therefore not in order to label shareholders as dummies or mere puppets since the company had been duly constituted by law and thus had a separate legal entity Macintyre The House of Lords remarked that it was improper for the judges to read into the statute limitations based on their personal opinion Macintyre Since then, legislatures and courts have followed the separate entity principle.
This principle which is enshrined in article 16 of the Companies Act have since been followed in company proceedings in court. The principle established in Salomon vs. While this decision was good as it promoted capitalism, the decision also extended the benefits of incorporation to private businesses thereby providing for fraud and evasion of legal obligations Puig This criticism will be examined in detail in the next section.
Much of the criticism has been based on the fact that corporate veil may at times lead to injustice. Kahn-Freund further called for the abolition of private companies. First, the unanimous ruling made by the House of Lords in this case gives incorporators the benefit of limited liability even in situations where it may be deemed unnecessary.
Second, this decision affords unscrupulous promoters opportunities to abuse the privileges provided for under the Corporations Act. The court often does this so as to reach the person behind the veil and to reveal the true nature of the company Mugambwa It has however become a hard task for academics and practitioners to find a basis in which courts may lift the veil.
This is an area which is said to be ill-defined, inconsistent and quite unpredictable.Salomon and Company, Limited," with liability limited by shares, and having a nominal capital of 40, l., divided into 40, shares of 1 l. each. The company adopted.
ABSTRACT. The ‘rigid construct’ of company law, Salomon v A Salomon, established a century-old principle, that is, the separate juristic personality of a corporation, out of which ‘the legal.
Salomon case put huge impact over Indian law as most of the provisions of Indian Law were taken from the English Law, Salomonâ€™s case used as judicial milestone in Indian company cases. The Supreme Court in Tata Engineering Locomotive Co.
Ltd v. Salomon v. Salomon was a case in Great Britain in that established the concept of the "corporate veil," according to McGill University.
This case established the corporation as a different entity than the people within the corporation, specifically the shareholders. The case also created legal.
Salomon v Salomon - Case Summary Incorporation is a cornerstone of modern company law. The consequences stemming from incorporation are often highly . Salomon v iridis-photo-restoration.com Salomon had a business as a sole trader and decided to enlarge it to a company called Salomon & Co Ltd.
His family held from one share each and he held the remaining largest portion of shares.