The country name also is written Azerbaidzhan, Azerbaydzhan, Adharbadjan, and Azarbaydjan in older sources as a transliteration from Russian. Two theories are cited for the etymology of the name "Azerbaijan": First, "land of fire" azermeaning "fire," refers to the natural burning of surface oil deposits or to the oil-fueled fires in temples of the Zoroastrian religion ; second, Atropaten is an ancient name of the region Atropat was a governor of Alexander the Great in the fourth century B. The place name has been used to denote the inhabitants since the late s, during the Soviet period.
Written by Hassam Munir InCanada Day falls in the middle of Ramadan the most sanctified month of the lunar Islamic calendar for the first time in about thirty years. The last time this occurred, the Muslim population in Canada was around justabout 0.
Today, there are more than 1. In Canada, Islam is the second-most professed religion after Christianity and the fastest-growing religious community in Canada. The Muslim-Canadian community is twice as large as the Hindu-Canadian community and three times as large as the Jewish-Canadian community.
Politicians have taken note of this: And they are very educated: Muslims have served in the police force, the military and the RCMP, three Muslims are currently Members of Parliament and one is currently the mayor of Calgary, Alberta. Most Muslims live in major cities such as Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver, but smaller communities can also be found in towns and cities across Canada.
In recent years, Muslim communities have started to grow in Northwest Territories and Nunavut as well. In reality, Muslims and their faith, Islam, have been around in Canada for a very long time — longer, in fact, than Canada itself has existed! The earliest Muslims in Canada may have been slaves from West Africa who were brought to British North America as Canada was known back in the day in the transatlantic slave trade, sometime before slavery was abolished in the British Empire in But no records of Muslims or the practice of Islam among West African slaves have survived, so this is just speculation.
The first recorded Muslims in Canadian history were James and Agnes Love, a young couple who had apparently converted to Islam in their native Scotland before they migrated to Canada insettling in Ontario.
Their youngest son Alexander was born inone year after Confederation, and secured his spot in history as the first recorded Muslim born in Canada as we know it today.
Another young couple of European origins, John and Martha Simon, had also embraced Islam in the United States, where they were born and raised. They migrated to Canada inbringing the total number of known Canadian Muslims at the time to The population of Muslims in Canada increased very slowly at this stage, but even then, some Muslim labourers managed to partake in another important event in Canadian history — building the Canada Pacific Railway linking British Columbia to the rest of the country.
Most of them were immigrants, particularly attracted by the land available for agriculture and settlement in the Prairies Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. Some were also attracted by the famous Klondike Gold Rush between andand may have even taken part in it — at least one young Lebanese man is recorded to have landed in Montreal with that intention, but he was too late and instead became a successful entrepreneur in that city.
The Muslim population of Canada continued to grow quickly, reaching in before suffering a sharp decline over the next twenty years. The decline was due mostly to the fact that immigrants, upon arriving in Canada, often realized that there were better opportunities in the United States — especially in the s as the Great Depression hit — and resettled there instead.
Another contributing factor was the racism they experienced in parts of Canada, especially in British Columbia, where they often found the local population unwelcoming. At the time, there were only about Muslims in Canada. Bywhen the renowned Islamic Studies program at McGill University in Montreal was inaugurated, there were about two thousand Muslims in the country.
The madrassah attracted students from both Canada and the United States, and its most prominent graduate was Sheikh Muhammad Alshareef, who graduated in and later founded AlMaghrib Institute. Both the Baby Boom in the s and an open-door immigration policy by the Canadian government starting in the s led to a considerable increase in the Muslim population of Canada —in the mids, more thanby the turn of the century inand more than 1.
This new mosque is about miles northeast of Edmonton, Alberta, where the Al-Rashid Mosque had opened 74 years earlier. The Muslims community in Inuvik has grown so large that, after English and French, Arabic is the most spoken language in the Northwest Territories.
In nearby Nunavut, where many in the Aboriginal communities have reportedly embraced Islam in recent years, the first mosque is being built in Iqaluit. Though the Muslim community in Nunavut still consists of only about people, this number is expected to quadruple in the next twenty years.
So yes, Muslims have been calling Canada their home for at least years now.
Since that fateful day in when a young James Love and his wife Agnes stepped off their ship from Scotland onto Canadian soil, the Canadian Muslim community has grown, diversified, and achieved far more than they could have ever imagined.
It is up to the Canadian Muslim community of today — and particularly the youth, many of whom are Canadian-born — to carry this legacy forward by continuing to embrace the best of Canadian culture and values while proudly and actively practicing Islam — and tackling any obstacles they may face that try to undermine either of these two components of their identity.In , Canada Day falls in the middle of Ramadan (the most sanctified month of the lunar Islamic calendar) for the first time in about thirty years.
The last time this occurred, the Muslim population in Canada was around just , (about % of the Canadian population at that time).
Today, there are . Curry The history of curry is two-fold: curried-style foods, the Indian dish composed of spices, meat and rice AND curry powder, a combination of various spices used to flavor food.
The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren listen (help · info); Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн; Mongolian pronunciation: [mɔŋɡ(ɔ)ɮˈiːŋ ɛt͡sˈɛnt ˈɡurəŋ]; also Орда ("the Horde") in Russian chronicles) existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.
Caliphate: Caliphate, the state comprising the Muslim community in the centuries after the death of Muhammad. Ruled by a caliph (Arabic khalifah, ‘successor’), the caliphate grew rapidly during its first two centuries.
Dynastic struggles later caused its decline, and it ceased to exist as an effective institution in the 13th century. Early History. The Eastern Empire was largely spared the difficulties of the west in the 3rd and 4th centuries (see Crisis of the Third Century), in part because urban culture was better established there and the initial invasions were attracted to the wealth of Rome.
The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren listen (help · info); Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн; [mɔŋɡ(ɔ)ɮˈiːŋ ɛt͡sˈɛnt ˈɡurəŋ]; also Орда ("the Horde") in Russian chronicles) existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.
Originating in the steppes of Central Asia, the Mongol Empire.